Sample Collection Guide

 

 

 

Method

Container

 

Holding

 Parameters

Reference

Type

Preservative

Time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Drinking Water Parameters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anions (Chloride, Fluoride, Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate, Sulfate)

EPA 300.0

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

48 Hrs.

 

Bacteria (Coliform, E. Coli, HPC)

SM 9223

Sterile 125 ml

Na2S2O3, Cool, 4 C

24 Hrs.

 

Hardness

EPA 130.2

500 ml plastic

HNO3, pH<2

6 Months

 

Mercury

EPA 245.2

500 ml plastic

HNO3, pH<2

28 Days

 

Metals

EPA 200.7 / 200.9

500 ml plastic

HNO3, pH<2

6 Months

 

Turbidity

EPA 180.1

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

48 Hrs.

 

Volatile Organic Compounds

EPA 524.2

2 x 40 ml glass

HCl, pH<2

14 Days

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Wastewater / Surface Water Parameters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alkalinity

EPA 310.1

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Ammonia

EPA 350.3

500 ml plastic

H2SO4, pH<2

28 Days

 

Anions (Chloride, Fluoride, Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate, Sulfate)

EPA 300.0

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

48 Hrs.

 

Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes (BTEX)

EPA 624 / SW 8260

2 x 40 ml glass

HCl, pH<2

14 Days

 

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5 and CBOD5)

EPA 405.1

1 L plastic

Cool, 4 C

48 Hrs.

 

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

EPA 410.1

125 ml plastic

H2SO4, pH<2, 4 C

28 Days

 

Chromium, Hexavalent

SM 3500-Cr D

500 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

24 Hrs.

 

Conductivity

EPA 120.1

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

24 Hrs.

 

Cyanide

EPA 335.x

500 ml plastic

NaOH, pH>12, 4 C

14 Days

 

Diesel-Range Organics (DRO)

SW 8270

1 L glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Gasoline-Range Organics (GRO)

SW 8260

2 x 40 ml glass

HCl, pH<2

14 Days

 

Mercury

EPA 245.2

500 ml plastic

HNO3, pH<2

28 Days

 

Metals

EPA 200.7 /200.9

500 ml plastic

HNO3, pH<2

6 Months

 

Nitrogen, Total Kjeldahl (TKN)

EPA 351.3

500 ml plastic

H2SO4, pH<2, 4 C

28 Days

 

Oil and Grease (Hexane Extractable)

EPA 1664

1 L glass

H2SO4, pH<2, 4 C

28 Days

 

Pesticides, Organochlorine

EPA 608 / SW 8081

1 L glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

pH

EPA 150.1

125 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

immed.

 

Phenolics

EPA 420.1

1 L glass

H2SO4, pH<2, 4 C

28 Days

 

Phosphorous, Total

EPA 365.2

125 ml plastic

H2SO4, pH<2, 4 C

28 Days

 

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)

EPA 608 / SW 8082

1 L glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PNA, PAH)

EPA 625 / SW 8270

1 L glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds

EPA 625 / SW 8270

1 L glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Solids, Total Dissolved (TDS)

EPA 160.1

500 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Solids, Total Suspended (TSS)

EPA 160.2

500 ml plastic

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Sulfide

EPA 376.1

500 ml plastic

NaOH, ZnCOOH

7 Days

 

Volatile Organic Compounds

EPA 624 / SW 8260

2 x 40 ml glass

HCl, pH<2

14 Days

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Soil Parameters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes (BTEX)

SW 5035 / 8260

40 ml glass

Methanol, 4 C

14 Days

 

Chromium, Hexavalent

SW 3060 / 7196

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

24 Hrs.

 

Cyanide

SW 9012

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Diesel-Range Organics (DRO)

SW 8270

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Gasoline-Range Organics (GRO)

SW 8260

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

7 Days

 

Mercury

SW 7470

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

28 Days

 

Metals

SW 6010 / 7000

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

6 Months

 

Pesticides, Organochlorine

SW 8081

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

pH

SW 9040

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

24 Hrs.

 

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)

SW 8082

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PNA, PAH)

SW 8270

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds

SW 8270

4 oz glass

Cool, 4 C

14 Days

 

Volatile Organic Compounds

SW 5035 / 8260

40 ml glass

Methanol, 4 C

14 Days

 



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